types of shock pdf

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Learn more about shock in this article. 0000004853 00000 n TEAS® and Test of Academic Skills™ are registered trademarks of Assessment Technologies Institute® (ATI™), which is unaffiliated, not a sponsor, nor associated with this website. There are several types of shock: septic shock caused by bacteria, anaphylactic shock caused by hypersensitivity or allergic reaction, cardiogenic shock from heart damage, hypovolemic shock from blood or fluid loss, and neurogenic shock from spinal cord trauma. 0000126824 00000 n Treatment for shock depends on the cause. 0000006224 00000 n ALL Rights Reserved. If the hemorrhage is internal, symptoms may also include black, tarry stools, abdominal pain, and vomiting blood. An intraaortic balloon pump is most likely needed to assist the heart in propelling blood through the aorta. 0000004623 00000 n A urine output of approximately 30 cc/hr indicates fluid balance has been achieved. Tests will determine the cause and severity. 0000018471 00000 n Enough fluid must be administered to keep the preload (ventricular filling pressure) sufficient and yet not too much to overburden an already taxed system. 0000015161 00000 n 0000001351 00000 n Symptoms include profuse bleeding, sweating, dizziness, confusion, and rapid/shallow breathing. In a patient presenting with hypotension and concern for shock, the clinician must evaluate for diagnostic clues to the underlying cause and type of shock. Treatment typically includes medications aimed at correcting the symptoms, including vasopressin, dopamine, and atropine. CATEGORIES OF SHOCK. Circulatory shock is the loss of intravascular volume and has two subclassifications, hypovolemic and obstructive. 0000014956 00000 n 0000119109 00000 n Pathophysiology and management of different types of shock. Hemodynamic monitoring is essential to regulate the intravenous fluids given to the patient. Shock is a potentially life-threatening condition that occurs when the body is not getting enough blood flow. At the onset of shock, the process is … Citations (4) References (57) Cardiogenic shock is typically caused by myocardial infarction, otherwise known as a heart attack. The four major types are: obstructive shock; cardiogenic shock… Drugs such as dopamine or epinephrine may also be given to increase the heart’s pumping strength. Fever, tachycardia, and tachypnea are also typically present. 0000011994 00000 n 0000018448 00000 n Shock is classified as, hypovolaemic, cardiogenic, obstructive or distributive, and has been defined as a pathophysiological state in which there is an inadequate supply or inappropriate use of metabolic substrate (particularly oxygen) by peripheral tissues.1 Hypovolaemic and cardiogenic shock will be discussed in this section. 0000008827 00000 n 0000002446 00000 n 0000003290 00000 n 0000006912 00000 n 0000007159 00000 n Shock, in physiology, failure of the circulatory system to supply sufficient blood to peripheral tissues to meet basic metabolic requirements for oxygen and nutrients and the incomplete removal of metabolic wastes from the affected tissues. Septic shock is the result of system-wide bacterial, viral, or fungal infection, known as sepsis. 0000052983 00000 n Abstract and Figures. 0000126574 00000 n Making up around 7 to 8 percent of your body weight, bl…. There are many types of shock. A summary of the different types of shock is made below Table 1: Types of shock Hypovolaemia Distributive Obstructive Cardiogenic Trauma Burns Vomiting Diarrhoea Dehydration Burns Sepsis Blood around the heart Thromboembolism Valvular heart disease Hypovolemic shock This is the most common type of shock seen. 0000014979 00000 n 0000006380 00000 n Fluid volume walks a tight rope between too much and too little. 0000016958 00000 n 0000011971 00000 n IV antibiotics are administered, as well as vasopressors, insulin, and corticosteroids. 0000093482 00000 n 0000028561 00000 n Cardiogenic shock = inability of heart to pump blood throughout the body, Circulatory shock = loss of intravascular volume, Distributive shock = loss of blood vessel tone. 0000006007 00000 n 0000134376 00000 n 0000141296 00000 n Cardiogenic. But we cannot do it without your support. 0000016935 00000 n Signs and Symptoms . Treatment for hypovolemic shock is aimed at stopping the source of bleeding and replacing lost fluids through the administration of IV crystalloids and blood transfusion. Treatment is aimed at combating the underlying infection and preventing organ damage. 0000002937 00000 n 0000013493 00000 n Symptoms can include decreased blood pressure, constricted airway that may impair breathing, swollen tongue or lips, tingling extremities, hives, flushed skin, confusion, and dizziness. 0000008850 00000 n Treatment includes correcting the problem and returning blood flow to normal. 0000013516 00000 n A loss of circulating blood volume, whether actual or shifted among the fluid compartments, is the cause of, Inadequate perfusion, the ultimate outcome of. Because septic shock is directly related to sepsis, the symptoms are the same. In this type of shock, there is a shock may sustain a myocardial infarction further complicating the clinical picture. Formula Chart for the TEAS Mathematics and Science Tests, “Math and Science Aren’t Easy.” How many times have you thought the sam…, When embarking on a new journey, the first question is usually, “When w…, What is Blood? Treatment involves rapid fluid replacement. Let's continue studying where you left off. H�b```f``a`c`��fb@ !V�(� Hypovolemic shock happens when the body loses 20% or more of its blood supply, which typically occurs through injury or accident. Symptoms include instantaneous low blood pressure; warm, flushed skin due to sudden vasodilation, and slowed heart rate. 0000006882 00000 n 0000010388 00000 n At Union Test Prep, we are a small team dedicated to bringing the best test-prep material to you, free of cost. Common triggers are medications such as penicillin, latex, bee stings, and foods such as nuts or shellfish. 0000007136 00000 n Neurogenic shock is a distributed type that typically occurs after damage to the pathways of the central nervous system, particularly to the spinal cord. Cardiogenic shock is the inability of the heart to pump blood throughout the body. Low urine output, confusion, cyanosis, dizziness, and respiratory problems are common. Treatment is aimed at correcting the issue with the heart. 0000052843 00000 n Success is achieved when blood pressure and cardiac output return to normal. 0000093689 00000 n Cardiogenic shock is typically caused by myocardial infarction, otherwise known as a … %PDF-1.4 %���� Symptoms include sudden increased heart rate, difficult or rapid breathing, sweating, pale skin, and little or no urination. 0000004400 00000 n 0000126367 00000 n Support us and begin preparing Ad-free for your tests with Union Test Prep. For breathing difficulties, supplemental oxygen or albuterol may also be administered. Support us today and start preparing for your test without the intrusion of ads. 0000003095 00000 n 2020 © Union Media LLC. 0000010411 00000 n Maintaining blood pressure and cardiac output during this type of, Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Google+ (Opens in new window), Quick Look Nursing: Fluids and Electrolytes. Treatment is typically injection with epinephrine, followed by IV cortisones and antihistamines. 0000003851 00000 n 0000001876 00000 n �G�Hc�ԩ�#l-�3����/�����p7�Wh�,�Uƙ_��Y��}�+�u,qf�i�����4K��\i�ϙ4�D&O�l1��kQ�|dg�|M�YZ|. 0000002424 00000 n 0000015368 00000 n They fall under four main categories, based on what has affected the flow of blood. Shock is generally classified into three categories ( Table 51-1 ). There are FIVE main types of shock the body can experience: Anaphylactic shock is caused by an allergic reaction. 878 0 obj << /Linearized 1 /O 881 /H [ 1876 570 ] /L 621775 /E 143242 /N 11 /T 604096 >> endobj xref 878 50 0000000016 00000 n

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