strengths and weaknesses of functionalist theory of crime

Furthermore, many Functionalist theorists have made their views clear on the concept of deviance. Assess the strengths and weaknesses of the functionalist view on society.Functionalism is a consensus perspective, whereby society is based on shared values and norms into which members are socialised. The nineteenth century liberal view of the individual used by Weber limits his theory on action and meaning. Howard Becker observed this during his study of marijuana smokers, and found that individuals associated key characteristics with smokers and thus is deemed as a negative lifestyle choice. © Copyright Get Revising 2020 all rights reserved. Durkheim found that deviancy had an adaptive function, whereby new ideas bring about social change, and previously deviant groups are brought into the wider consciousness, and a function of ‘boundary maintenance’ where there are clear conceptions of what is good and bad, or deviant and normal, which can bring people together in social solidarity (Durkheim, 1997). Weaknesses of Functionalism Strengths of Functionalism - One weaknesses of Functionalism is that it is criticised for using unreliable statistics. For Durkheim (french sociologist), the process of education was to be understood in terms of its contribution to the maintenance of the social order. Functionalism is a theory of social observation that was first uncovered by social scientist Emile Durkheim that, as Durkheim claims, focuses on what binds society together and what intrinsically binds the individual to it, how society appears to be a separate entity and how a strong sense of morality is crucial to maintaining the traditional structures of social life (Durkheim, 1997). All clinical work conducted should be done within the framework of the scientific method; when a client presents their concerns, hypotheses should be both formulated and tested to determine a desirable treatment outcome. Swathes of the British population in traditionally white, working class areas have rebelled against the political establishment for the changing nature of many communities, leading to the emergence of Far-Right parties such as the British National Party gaining electoral success. Welcome to the work of students in the School of Social Sciences, Crime and Deviance: Interactionist and Functionalist Views, Jack Cunningham: BSc (Hons) Politics and Sociology. - Ignores the possibility of subcultures and a pluralistic culture. Firstly, a brief account of psychodynamic theory. A number of criticisms concerning the scientist-practitioner model arise from the literature. Functionalism, also known as the consensus theory is a belief that society is a system that is interrelated, interdependent and interconnected. A strength of the functionalist theory is that it a macro level structural theory which uses an organic analogy- using the body as a way to describe the different parts within society. This essay will examine the social capital theory, democracy, civil society, as well as examining cases studied in Italy and Weimar Germany. In conclusion, Interactionism would appear to be the most accurate way in which to explain deviance within society. Thus social institutions such as the family and religion are analysed as a part of the social order rather than isolated units. The System being organisms such as the human body, and society which fit together in fixed ways. But this view has led critics to argue that... ... 1. Additionally, discrimination can occur on a micro social level, primarily within minority communities. Moreover, Phenomenological approaches have suggested that, as opposed to human’s creating, forming, and acting within the world around them, that instead individuals are born into an already constructed world and that they rarely question this, or influence it, throughout their lifespan (Fulcher & Scott, 2011). Get Revising is one of the trading names of The Student Room Group Ltd. Register Number: 04666380 (England and Wales), VAT No. This period in history reflected the principles of functionalist theory, which believed that each part of society served a place and contributed to the stability of society as a whole. Functionalist analysis has focused on the question of how social systems are maintained. Criticisms of physiological theories ( Log Out /  Interactionists place greater emphasis on agency as opposed to social structure, and believe that deviancy is a socially constructed entity born out of labelling deviants, self-presentation, and perception by other (Giddens & Sutton, 2009). Often labels cannot be shaken, a claim that is specifically true of individuals in asylums. Publications have, however, spoken positively regarding the issue of migration, and claim it to be a driving force for the United Kingdom’s present economic recovery (The Guardian, 2016). Policies originating from such parties emphasise less immigration, tougher border control and discourage health tourism. It strengths are seen in the way in which it explains the basic needs and function of society, these explanations can be used by other sociologists to improve and maintain an adequate society. The System being organisms such as the human body, and society which fit together in fixed ways. (Your answer should focus on the strengths and weaknesses of functionalist and Marxist perspectives) A conference held in Boulder, Colorado in 1949 concluded that clinical psychologists should be incorporating both a scientific and practical approach within their framework and training model. Moreover, the media have also scrutinised the calibre of refugee given refuge by the United Kingdom, questioning the age of supposed ‘child refugees’, again representing them as being deviant (The Daily Mail, 2016). 2.5 / 5 based on 3 ratings. Does functionalism still have a place in modern society? Functionalists have also continued this argument to say that just like an organ has simple basic needs to survive, so does society, and that if one part fails it will all diminish. Functionalist thoughts surrounding this subject could claim that such migrants wish to cause discontent within society. Overall, in conclusion, the functionalist approach has many strengths and weaknesses about the way in which society functions and the needs it requires. The various parts of society work together towards a common goal derived from value consensus to maintain social stability, social order and equilibrium.

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