(3) In traditional method, the farmers use cow-dung as a natural fertilizer, which they do not need to buy while chemical fertilizers need more cash to buy from the market. Ans. Suggest any three ways to sustain the land. (iv) It affects our environment adversely. They are thus able to arrange for the capital needed. They are thus able to arrange for the capital needed. (1)It is absolutely true that due to modern fanning methods, Indian cropping system has changed drastically. Why? Kharif crop is grown in the rainy season. Which three Indian states were the first to try out the modern farming methods. Ans. Which raw material is used by a weaver? (1) Land being a natural resource is necessary to be careful in its use. (i)The working capital includes raw materials and money in hand. This is called human capital. Ans. 25. (5) The first few tubewells were installed by the government. Classify the following into land, labour and capital: (a) Orange pickers, (b) Packaging machines, (c) Water, (d) Wood, (e) Money. To achieve these, adequate input to the farm is very important. 3. (2)In many areas e.g., Punjab, loss of soil fertility has been reported due to the increased use of chemical fertilizers. Explain the problems which arise due to the unequal distribution of land. (iii) It uses herbicides, insecticides, fungicides and strictly prohibits the use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides. Notification Questions Bank They are called skilled workers. 37. (3) The minimum wages for a farm labourer set by the government is 60 per day. (i)The modern method of farming is the way of increasing agricultural production. How is the distribution of land among farmers related to the productivity from the land? For example, ‘dairy’ is found to be the common non-farm activity where milk is transported to faraway towns and cities. Sugarcane crushing machine is fixed capital that is required as a first priority to set up a jaggery manufacturing unit. (4) Moreover, HYV seeds need plenty of water. The Principal has asked you to give a report on the conditions of farm labourers there or the factors responsible for them. Short Answers:- 1. (1) To grow more than one crop on a piece of land during the year is known as multiple cropping. Performance & security by Cloudflare, Please complete the security check to access. (3) Pesticides generally kill useful insects. 6. Use of fertilizers and insecticides helps in increasing production and obtaining the best results. Describe the role of the farmers after the crop is harvested and production is complete. How did the spread of electricity help farmers in Palampur? Explain. What percentage of people are dependent on farming in Palampur? Its overall weakness affects our environment. What is meant by the Green Revolution? This is classified into fixed capital and working capital. What is its consequence? (2) Continuous use of groundwater for tubewell irrigation has reduced water-table below the ground. Ans. 1. (2) They have no permanent jobs. What are the various requirements of production? Punjab, Haryana and Western Uttar Pradesh. 9. (1) Inequality in land distribution: There is an unequal distribution of land in our country which is the major constraint in raising production from a farm. This involves man-power but less chemical and technological power. Ans. 7. (iii) Well-developed System of Irrigation: It refers to use of electric-run tubewells. (1) Modern farming methods require a great deal of capital so that the farmer now needs more money than before. A worker provides the labour necessary for production. 19. (1) (i) The medium and large farmers have their own savings from farming as they have large or big landholdings. Can you explain this answer? (5) It results in low productivity from land. (3) Its major impact was to transform the system of irrigation. stands for High Yielding Varieties of seeds. Ans. (2)(i) The consumption of chemical fertilizers in Punjab is the highest in the country. They are not organised in unions. Explain. Explain. If they know how they can earn more money from these activities, they will certainly start and expand such activities. 3. They are put to great distress to repay the loan like in the case of Savita. (iv) Some people are also engaged in transport services. Explain the negative impact of modern farming on the environment.
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