luke 4 commentary

30. If Satan had endeavored to allure him by the enticements of gluttony, [311] he had at hand passages of Scripture fitted to repel him. And he said, &c.--He replies to the one proverb by another, equally familiar, which we express in a rougher form--"Too much familiarity breeds contempt." 38. chapter 4. luke 4:1-13.temptation of christ. This would be to distrust God; and I have no reason to expect that he will support me in a different manner from what he has promised in his word. And here the daring insolence of the devil is manifested, in robbing God of the government of the world, and claiming it for himself. And he preached in the synagogues of Galilee. And all the temptation having been finished, the devil departed from him for a time. The devil dexterously acknowledges, that Christ is the Holy One of God, in order to insinuate into the minds of men a suspicion, that there was some secret understanding between him and Christ. And he arose out of the synagogue, and entered into Simon's house. 33. They answer him, 'Because of those who are of the house of the prince, who devour all themselves.' The meaning, therefore, is, that the same thing happens now as in former times, when God sends his power to a great distance among foreigners, because he is rejected by the inhabitants of the country. These words, therefore I would understand in such a sense; 'If either the interpreter should in his exposition enlarge himself into a sermon, or any other should preach,' &c. For the interpreter did sometimes comment and preach upon what they read. The same kind of coldness may be now observed in the speculative theology of Popery. We need not dispute long on these matters. He said, The holy blessed God is about to snatch away the priests and set them in judgment, saying unto them, 'Why have ye not laboured in the law? And all they in the synagogue, when they heard these things, were filled with wrath. Whereas Israel spent forty years in the wilderness, Jesus was tempted for forty days. Those who fast daily, during all the forty days, pretend that they are imitators of Christ. Read Luke 4 commentary using John Gill's Exposition of the Bible. ", [325] "Mais il passa par le milieu d'eux, et s'en alla." ", And because it was not lawful for him so to unroll the law in the synagogue, "on the kalends of the month Tebeth, if it proved to be the sabbath day, they brought three books of the law and read in one of them the place for the sabbath, in another, that for the kalends, in the third, that for the feast of dedication.". And he was in the wilderness forty days and forty nights; and was tempted by Satan, and was with the wild beasts. Luke explains the cause to have been, that he might pray with greater freedom in his retirement, which he was accustomed to do frequently, as is evident from other passages. ", [311] "A friandise, ou a quelque excez de la bouche." he does not seem there to reflect so much upon the smallness and insignificancy of the town, as the looseness and depravity of its manners. And there was delivered unto him the book of the prophet Esaias. When Nathanael said, [John 1:46] "Can there any good thing come out of Nazareth?" Luke 6:13. There is plausibility in Jerome's hypothesis, that it comes from rm, (Ragam,) thunder. Were filled with wrath They perceived that the object of those two examples, which Christ had produced, was to show, that the grace of God would be removed from them to others: [327] and therefore they considered that he had spoken to their dishonor. By explaining a passage in Isaiah, and applying it to the instruction which was immediately required, he turned upon him the eyes of all. And if a shadowy portrait of God had so much brightness, ought not his face, which appears in the Gospel, to shine with full splendor? And he led him to Jerusalem, and placed him on a parapet of the temple, and said to him, If thou art the Son of God, throw thyself down hence: 10. And the devil said unto him, All this power will I give thee, and the glory of them: for that is delivered unto me; and to whomsoever I will I give it. He restored life to the dead, to prove that he is "the resurrection and the life," (John 11:25.) And when he had opened the book, he found the place where it was written. Away, then, with that ridiculous imitation, [306] which overturns the purpose of God, and the whole order of his works. "What then?" This mode of expression, which Luke employs, conveys the idea, that the man was driven by the impulse of the devil. We have an instance of this in the Papacy, where mitred bishops, who are more ignorant than as many asses, proudly and openly vaunt, that they are Christ's Vicars, and the only lawful prelates of the Church. But it is proper to observe, that he purposely anticipates a doubt, which might disturb and shake weak minds, while the Lord held them in suspense, by delaying so long the promised salvation. And when it was day, going out, he went into a desert place, and multitudes sought him: and came even to him, and held him, that he might not depart from them. "Elijah said to Ahab, As the Lord God of Israel liveth, before whom I stand, there shall not be dew nor rain these years, but according to my word; If there shall be these years." And the fame of him went out into every place of the country round about. The reply of Christ is most appropriate. Admitting that es or es, is a Greek termination, the absence of the final and radical Mem (m) is too violent a supposition. At the same time, with regard to the second question, we do not admit that our Lord suffered a refusal. 4. III. But this weakness would not be sinful, were it not for the presence of corruption; in consequence of which Satan never attacks us, without doing some injury, or, at least, without inflicting a slight wound. 26, 27. save . Luke 4:14,15 He begins to preach. It is also possible, that the second temptation did not follow the first, nor the third the second, in immediate succession, but that some interval of time elapsed. Sarepta--"Zarephath" ( 1 Kings 17:9 ), a heathen village between Tyre and Sidon. 1. Hence also it is evident, what was the true and lawful method of keeping the Sabbath. And they were astonished at his doctrine; for he was teaching them, as one invested with authority, and not as the Scribes. For it is certain, and the Evangelists give us plainly enough to understand, that he had left off eating as completely as if he had not been clothed with our flesh. Christ was separated from us, in this respect, by the perfection of his nature; though we must not imagine him to have existed in that intermediate condition, which belonged to Adam, to whom it was only granted, that it was possible for him not to sin. God is tempted in many ways: but in this passage, the word tempt denotes the neglect of those means which he puts into our hands. Christ in this followed the custom of the synagogue, in that while he read the Law he stood up, while he taught it he sat down. But as Satan cannot endure that power, which he feels to be destructive to himself, he would desire that Christ should satisfy himself with an empty title, without exercising it on the present occasion. They unroll a prophet in the congregation, but they do not unroll the law in he congregation. But doth this license of the zealot belong to all persons upon all occasions? The same kind of stratagem he continues daily to employ; and the Son of God, who is the universal model of all the godly, chose to undergo this contest in his own person, that all may be industriously on their guard against being led, by a false application of Scripture, into the snares of Satan. This was the first insult which the Son of God received, and it came from "them of His own household!" Read Luke 4 commentary using A Commentary on the New Testament From the Talmud and Hebraica by John Lightfoot. 13. It has been suggested (J. Weiss) that Luke 4:22; Luke 4:24 have been interpolated from Mark 6:1-6 in the source Lk. Besides, when he left the synagogue, he went straight to Peter's house; which also shows clearly, that Matthew did not observe, with exactness, the order of time. 36. But if Christ was tempted as the public representative of all believers, let us learn, that the temptations which befall us are not accidental, or regulated by the will of Satan, without God's permission; but that the Spirit of God presides over our contests as an exercise of our faith. 29. rose up--broke up the service irreverently and rushed forth. 'Hear, O ye priests; hearken, O house of Israel; and give y ear, O house of the king,' Hosea 5. Moses' first quadragesimal was Exodus 24:18: his second time was after he had destroyed the golden calf, Deuteronomy 10:10: the third was after the tables of the law had been made anew, Exodus 34:28. But on this subject we must treat more fully under another passage. Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. I:reply: First, Christ took upon him our infirmity, but without sin, (Hebrews 4:15.) That there was no rain for three years together, is evident enough from 1 Kings 17, &c.: but whence comes this addition of six months? It contains the proper answer to Luke 4:23. But if he, who was full of the Holy Spirit, (John 3:34,) implored the Father, with such ardor and earnestness, to preside in the election, how much greater need have we to do so?

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