"Comparing the Sustainability of Local and Global Food Chains: A Case Study of Cheese Products in Switzerland and the UK." Rather, the most profit is generally attained by distributing local goods through intermediated markets, such as retailers, distributors, food hubs, etc. Sweets and chocolate is the only category of packaged-foods and snacks in the study where global brands are preferred to local ones (37% vs. 33%). This leads to another challenge of the local food movement: when buyers are faced with the true cost of food raised by small-scale producers using environmentally friendly methods, they often balk. Here at Colby, the dining services company, Bon Appétit, tries to source as much food from as locally as possible. When it comes to buzzwords, the term “local” has been trendy for more than a decade. “We’re just lucky that the byproduct is what we sell.”. Author to whom correspondence should be addressed. Also consider that if a price looks too good to be true, it probably is. This rule added mandatory employee training; made some voluntary practices mandatory; and required allergen cross-contact controls. Local food is also good for rural and small-town economies, providing not only more on-farm employment, but supporting the many local businesses on which farmers depend. It is for just that reason that Fat Bottom not only invested a great deal in the lab of its new facility, it also is investing in Tennessee beers by allowing other breweries in the state to use its equipment. Many farmers who sell local food use environmentally sustainable methods to farm (such as manure rather than chemical fertilizer), organic pest control methods, cover crops and the like. Subscribe to receive issue release notifications and newsletters from MDPI journals, You can make submissions to other journals. Today, Fat Bottom produces 28 beers, of which four are its flagships: W.A.C. They have 42 regional general merchandise distribution centers in the United States totaling 50.1 million square feet. However, they do that in part by externalizing costs — whether costs in health care from diet-related diseases, costs of water clean-up from fertilizer runoff or many others. Global Food, Health, and Society A Colby Community Website for ST297, Fall 2018. Schmitt E, Keech D, Maye D, Barjolle D, Kirwan J. And, he said, “We can’t feed the world from greenhouses.” The only way to really feed the world is with the growth of staple field crops, such as grains, potatoes, wheat, and soy. The results suggest that local cheese performs better in the field of added value creation and distribution, animal welfare and biodiversity. My son, Gavin, has a nut allergy. But, Yeager said, “It’s not only about getting drinkers to drink beer and enjoy it, it’s about understanding the culture of the company.” As an example, he said, when two restaurant owners came to visit the facility, they were interested not only in what Fat Bottom was doing, but also, “who we are and why we do what we do,” Yeager said. The Park Slope Food Coop, in the heart of Brooklyn, NY, defines local as coming from within 500 miles to supply the produce needs of its more than 16,000 members. Most of Fat Bottom’s beers also are run through a polishing filter to further clarify them, then each flows into a brite tank to be carbonated. With the holidays fast approaching, CPG advertisers will soon need to navigate a new normal of COVID-19 during what’s typically their busiest season. “It’s why you have to be so selective about who you hire.” And once hired, he added, “You need to find ways to engage your staff because they have an impact on the outcome.”, It is for this reason that building a culture of quality and safety, as well as community service, is so important at Fat Bottom; and it is an initiative that resonates with the young people who drive retail sales, he said. The 2008 Farm Act states that in order for food to be labeled as “local” it must be transported less than 400 miles from its origin. But greenhouses and technology such as hydroponics and aquaponics have a role to play as they can address issues of seasonality and efficiency, and can be put in the middle of Manhattan or in a rural area, he said. During fermentation carbon dioxide is produced. She can be reached at email@example.com. This gap is especially a challenge for farmers who are too big for direct marketing at farmers’ markets or CSAs but too small to meet the needs of global distributors. Recent research has shown that the farmers who sell local produce and are profitable are generally not the ones selling direct to consumers, e.g., at farmers markets, Bloom said. Proponents of local food production have long argued that you drastically decrease your carbon footprint by eating locally-sourced food. Received: 17 February 2016 / Revised: 24 April 2016 / Accepted: 25 April 2016 / Published: 29 April 2016, (This article belongs to the Special Issue. The consensus is that neither completely replaces or is better than the other. Local food has recently gained popularity under the assumption that it is more sustainable than food from distant locations. Whether talking tomatoes, strawberries, or beef, each food has specifications as set by the USDA Food Composition Database — whether grown locally or even in a foreign country. While a preference for locally sourced fresh foods trumps a preference for globally sourced fresh foods in the region, the percentage of respondents who say they prefer local brands is below the global average for all five fresh-food categories, while the percentage who say they prefer global brands is higher than in any other region. This heavy reliance on imports is alarming considering that California is the number one state for agricultural production in the U.S. After examining the top six imports to California (table grapes, navel oranges, wine, garlic, rice, and fresh tomatoes — all grown in the state), NRDC discovered a disturbing trend: Harmful air pollution in California produced from transporting these six foods into California was up to 45 times more than local or regional transport of California grown foods — and global warming pollution went up to 500 times that of locally grown foods when the food was imported by airplane. Local food can be better than global produce because it did not have to withstand long hours of travel time. The average piece of produce in the U.S. travels 1,500 miles, while local food may only travel 100 miles (or less), according to researcher Rich Pirog at the Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture at Iowa State University. They are one of us, and it’s likely only a matter of time before edibles is an accepted food industry segment at the federal level. Two-Piece. Another 20% consists of coffee, cocoa and rubber. In North America, preferences are split. Sustainability 8, no. The goal of this study is to compare local and global food chains in five dimensions of sustainability (environmental, economic, social, ethical and health), covering all stages of the chain. Although the space was bigger than needed at the time, it would not only allow for expansion, it would enable the production area and restaurant to be in the same building. Some are seasonal or on-tap-only beers and a couple are the brewery’s new sour/barrel-aged beers. With far fewer slaughterhouses and butchers, it can be hard to get an appointment at the right time. An aggregator can address this challenge. There is rightly a growing awareness that our diet and food choices have a significant impact on our carbon ‘footprint’. I have been working in the food manufacturing industry now for nearly 30 years. “If we can help any beer in Tennessee do better, we help all beers in Tennessee.”, Not only does that keep the reputation of the state’s beers and breweries at a higher level, it’s good to build relationships between brewers, Yeager said. 23 Similar branding attempts have become commonplace in the years since.