hedgehog cactus phylum

Importance of Hedgehog Cactus. blanckii (Poselg.) The first part of the genus name Echinocereus is coming from the Greek for 'hedgehog', while the second part 'cereus' comes from the Latin for 'large candle'. Stems grow to 2 inches thick, 1 feet long, forming a clump to 2 feet wide. burrensis, and E. reichenbachii subsp. Stems 14 inches thick, 2 feet long. [10], Echinocereus reichenbachii is a perennial plant and shrub. reichenbachiana, and he later discussed the possibility with Engelmann that these two plants were one and the same. All have cylindrical, ribbed stems in clumps; showy flowers in spring to early summer; and fleshy fruit that is edible in some species. The variety found in Oklahoma, E. reichenbachii baileyi, have especially long "bristlelike" spines. Flowers are 3 inches wide, orange to red; inch-long fruits (not edible) are pink to red. Echinocereus reichenbachii (commonly known as lace or hedgehog cactus) is a perennial plant and shrub in the cactus family. Populations of E. reichenbachii var. [1] It is one of the smaller Echinocereus species. Classification for Kingdom Plantae Down to Genus Echinocereus Engelm. The species is native to the Chihuahuan Desert and parts of northern Mexico and the southern United States, where they grow at elevations up to 1,500 meters (4,900 ft). They reach 7.5 to 30 centimetres (3.0 to 11.8 in) tall and 4 to 10 centimetres (1.6 to 3.9 in) wide. Give them maximum sun and gritty, well-drained soil. The common name hedgehog refers to the spiny fruit, which is edible in many species. This cactus earned the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. Genus. E. reichenbachii is one of the smaller Echinocereus species. Nearly 50 species of hedgehog cactus are native to the Southwest, including Texas, New Mexico, and Mexico. Plant may have a... claret cup. [12] They are drought resistant, but susceptible to mealybugs and scale insects. Lavender to deep purplish red flowers are 23 inches wide. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Stems 1 inches thick, 1 feet long; forms a clump 2 feet wide. Echinocereus Engelm. Clumps 12 feet tall, 3 feet wide, with 3- to 4 inches-thick stems. [11] The stems are dark green and obscured by the spines, especially when the plant is dehydrated. [2] The specific epithet honors the German botanist Ludwig Reichenbach. Echinocereus is a genus of ribbed, usually small to medium-sized, cylindrical cacti, comprising about 70 species native to the southern United States and Mexico in very sunny, rocky places. The species is used in commercial landscaping as ornamental features, particularly in desert environments. Southern Living is a registered trademark of, These Haircuts Are Going To Be Huge in 2021, 140 Thanksgiving Side Dishes That’ll Steal the Show, 7 Paint Colors We’re Loving for Kitchen Cabinets in 2020, 50 Books Everyone Should Read in Their Lifetime. E. reichenbachii are cold and heat tolerant, and prefer dry, well-drained soils near rock outcroppings. [11], E. reichenbachii prefer full sun and require little water. Each stem is 2 inches thick, 6 inches tall. Zones CS, TS; USDA 9-11. Corrections? Excellent choices for dry-land gardens. [6], Despite the early indication of a naming error, Engelmann's binomial was used to describe the plant until 1893, when F.A. [11], E. reichenbachii's native habitat includes the entirety of the Chihuahuan Desert and its nearby grasslands, as well as in woodlands of oak and juniper. The claret cup (E. triglochidiatus) ranges from north of Mexico City to northern Utah and southern Colorado. albispinus, E. reichenbachii subsp. Blooms come in red, yellow, purple, pink, or white and have many rows of petals; they typically close at night. Large (4 inches.) Some grow at fairly high elevations, where they survive freezing temperatures. The trendy haircuts you’ll be seeing everywhere next year. Hedgehog cactus, (genus Echinocereus ), genus of about 60 species of cacti (family Cactaceae ), native from central Mexico to the western United States. During the years 1848 to 1856, George Engelmann made extensive studies of a plant he named Echinocereus caespitosus. © Copyright 2020 Meredith Corporation. claret-cup cactus. Haage Jr. changed Terscheck's Echinocactus reichenbachii to Echinocereus reichenbachii, which Nathaniel Lord Britton and Joseph Nelson Rose later adopted. Areoles are elliptical or oval. Forms colonies 3 feet wide. fitchii, E. reichenbachii var. The large flowers generally have green stigma lobes and are commonly red and yellow in colour. [11] Flowers have 30 to 50 petals each, which are ragged or notched. [11] In the United States, E. reichenbachii is native to Texas, New Mexico, Colorado, and Nebraska. Goblet-shaped, purplish red, 2- to 3 inches flowers remain open at night. Click on names to expand them, and on P for PLANTS profiles. Spines are yellowish and turn grey after a number of years. Direct children include E. reichenbachii var. The scientific name, Echinocereus, comes from the Greek ekhinos, meaning hedgehog, and cereus, the Latin term for wax paper. The importance of plants lies in their great contribution to human life and the environment. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. [8] It has been listed as endangered since 1979. Cactaceae – Cactus family. [11], Plants flower in early May and late June, and they fruit 6 to 10 weeks after flowering. Family. They thrive in dry, well-drained, gravelly, clay, and loam soils, and near rock outcroppings. HEDGEHOG CACTUS strawberry cactus. Haage – Berlandier's hedgehog cactus P. Variety Echinocereus berlandieri (Engelm.) New stems... cream lace cactus. Caryophyllales. [3] The flower's inner tepals are silvery pink or magenta; the outer portions are white, crimson, green, or multicolored. They can vary from almost spineless to wildly and densely spined. [3] Immature specimens are spherical, and as they grow they become cylindrical. The small-flowered hedgehog cactus (Echinocereus viridiflorus), with small fragrant green to brown flowers, is the northernmost group, growing from Mexico to Wyoming and South Dakota. They branches readily, over time making mounds 3 feet in diameter and 1 feet tall. The stems are dark green and often obscured by the spines, which range from tan, brown, black, or pink, and the tips are usually darker than the shaft. [7], E. reichenbachii var. Usually the flowers are large and the fruit edible. [4] Fruits are various shades of green and 15 to 28 millimetres (0.59 to 1.10 in) long. The purple or pink flowers bloom in early May to late June, growing to approximately 4.5 to 8 centimetres (1.8 to 3.1 in) by 5 to 10 centimetres (2.0 to 3.9 in). Stems are semi-erect, dark green, up to 16 inches (40 cm) tall and up to 2 inches (5 cm) in diameter. Updates? [5] Prior to this Joseph zu Salm-Reifferscheidt-Dyck referred to plants in European collections as Echinopsis pectinate var.

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