Eventually, these chemicals are passed on to human beings, who consume the agricultural produce. It is, therefore, one of the best examples of an export-oriented system. Content Guidelines 2. The Malaysian rubber plantations are owned by Europeans while the tapping and processing of the rubber is done entirely by local people or by immigrant labourers from southern India. How Chemical Fertilizers Cause Water Pollution? Cultural Anthropology, 2nd edition. The removal of trees, slush and burn techniques, and the clearing of forest areas to create room for agriculture has led to massive deforestation and soil erosion. These cannot be washed off easily. Lavenda, Robert H. and Emily A. Schultz. It is the most recent form of subsistence strategy emerging about 10,000 years ago. Waste lagoons on animal farms and high levels of irrigation in intensive crop cultivation are other characteristics of intensive farming. iv. One of the negative spin-offs of this move was crossbred wool that contaminated the national wool clip. In other words, a class-based society emerges. Detroit: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 2008. There is increase of productivity du to excessive mechanisation. By Roelof Bezuidenhout. High crop yield; One of the main rewards of intensive farming is the production of high crop yields. ✘ Statistics show a direct relation between the consumption of food procured from intensive farming sites and an increase in the number of cancer patients and children born with defects. Boston: McGowan Hill Higher Education, 2010. The ideal is rams or bulls bred and reared under the same conditions that their calves or lambs are expected to thrive on. Production and Economic Characteristics of Intensive and Semi- Intensive Dairy Cattle Management Systems in Vegetable Based Farming System in Welimada, Sri Lanka October 2011 Tropical … There is a tug-of-war between the animal rights activists and farmers of intensive farming. In substantiating the issues surrounding intensive farming, let’s take a close look at its advantages and disadvantages. The future will depend on what the consumer is prepared to pay for food and fibre, and perhaps, to a lesser extent, on what discerning shoppers will accept as being sufficiently ‘natural’ or ‘farm fresh’ for them. This type of farming is practised in areas of high population pressure on land.. Perhaps climate change with hotter, drier summers, together with the never-ending input price squeeze, point towards larger farms with adapted, easy-care animals producing and breeding well on the veld rather than more intensive systems that rely on feed from a bag. Both forms of intensive agriculture manipulate the landscape. It means more variety of food can be produced, Poor living conditions and hygiene for livestock, Causes, Effects and Interesting Solutions to Ocean Dead Zones, Deforestation and alteration of the natural environment, Possibility of poor quality food products, The UK’s Problem With Recycling and How it is Being Addressed, Traditional farmers are unable to gain enough profits and less job creation opportunities, Various Human Activities That Affect an Ecosystem, Causes, Effects and Solutions to Combating Illegal Logging Globally, 13 Amazing Plants That Do Not Need Drainage Holes, Do Deer Eat Petunias? It is very difficult to pick a side in the debate regarding intensive farming. Most of them are injected with growth hormones and other chemicals to augment production. • Plantation is a form of commercial agriculture found in the tropics and the subtropics of America, Africa and Asia. Intensive agriculture was developed in order to produce greater amounts of food for large populations. ✘ Pesticides sprayed on crops not only destroy pests and contaminate the crops, but also kill beneficial insects. All this forms part of the debate around the intensification of livestock production, particularly in smallstock and game. Founded Conserve Energy Future with the sole motto of providing helpful information related to our rapidly depleting environment. Plantation farming is capital intensive. ii. This technique demands utmost caution and thorough study, as it could go all wrong, if not managed properly. labour and investment, … Today’s flocks carry much lighter fleeces and produce and reproduce better under adverse conditions than the truly indigenous, slow-growing types of yesteryear. Email Roelof Bezuidenhout at [email protected]. Use of chemical fertilizers contaminates soil and water bodies, such as lakes and rivers. As an outcome, natural habitats and wild animals have been heavily affected as the destructive practices have persistently contributed to habitat loss. Cultural Anthropology, 13th edition. Heavy use of pesticides and chemical fertilizers also affects the workers (who spray the pesticides) and the people residing nearby. Rambo, Karl and Paula Brown. The public health researchers say that the rising cases of children born with defects and cancer is probably caused by the consumption of inorganic fruits, meat, vegetables, and poultry. During the 1970s, disenchanted wool farmers switched to mutton breeds, particularly the Dorper sheep. The intensive farming techniques involves extensive input of capital, labor as well as pesticides and fertilizers to raise crops on a smaller land area. The common people can hence afford to enjoy a nutritious and balanced diet. Jones, Kristine L. “Squelches.” In Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture, Vol. Agricultural products such as meat, eggs, milk, fish, and cereals are highly demanded in the contemporary world’s food markets such as restaurants and supermarkets.